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Discover the Animals in Your Own Backyard – Brampton Edition

Updated: Feb 17



Do You Know Your Brampton Wildlife?


Have you ever stopped to think about what animals are living in your own backyard? Brampton is home to a variety of wildlife, from birds and mammals to reptiles and amphibians. Let’s take a closer look at some of the amazing animals that live right here in our city.



 



Avians

One of the most obvious types of wildlife in Brampton are songbirds. From robins and sparrows to cardinals and blue jays, these birds create a pleasant chorus of chirps and tweets throughout the city. You can often see them gathering around bird feeders or on branches around your yard. It's even possible to attract more birds by adding birdhouses or birdbaths to your landscape! Birds of prey like Owls and Hawks are also in Brampton. Canadian Geese and their babies are regulars in Brampton and can be watched escorting their babies back and forth from their nest area to a nearest body of water.


Mammals

Brampton is also home to a wide variety of mammals, including small animals (like bats, raccoons, opossums and skunks. Larger predators (like coyotes). While it's not likely that you'll spot any coyotes in your own backyard, you may find evidence of their presence in the form of tracks or scat left behind. Smaller mammals, such as chipmunks and opossums, are much more common sights in suburban backyards.




Reptiles & Amphibians

If you look closely enough, you might spot some reptile and amphibian species living among us here in Brampton too! Turtles are very common sights near ponds and other wet areas, while frogs can be heard singing during mating season. Even snakes have been known to make appearances around town – although they're typically harmless species like garter snakes or milksnakes!



Pests & Rodents

Rats are common pests in the city of Brampton, and include both Roof Rats & Norway Rats which cause numerous issues for business and homeowners. Squirrels are an abundant rodent in Brampton which you can easily spot several times a day.



 


What Are Some Common Animals That Live In Brampton?




Rabbits


Yes, there are rabbits in Brampton! As a large city located in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) of Ontario, Canada, Brampton is home to an expansive variety of wildlife, including rabbits. These furry little critters can be found within the city's urban landscapes, especially around wooded areas or parks. Some popular spots for spotting rabbits include Heart Lake Conservation Area, Chinguacousy Park and Gage Park. In addition to these areas, many homeowners in the region also regularly see wild rabbits in their own backyards.



Rabbits thrive in Brampton due to its abundance of lush green spaces and natural habitats. With plenty of grass and other vegetation available to them, they are able to find food and cover easily. Additionally, the mild climate experienced throughout most of the year helps create a suitable environment for these creatures to live and breed. However, it is important to note that while they may appear cute and harmless rabbits can cause damage to crops and gardens if left unchecked!



 

COYOTES



Coyotes are one of the more interesting animals found in Brampton, Ontario.


While they have been known to be fierce scavengers and hunters, they also play an important role in maintaining the local ecosystem. Here are some interesting facts about coyotes in Brampton:


  • Coyotes are highly adaptable animals, capable of surviving in a variety of environments from rural areas to urbanized ones like Brampton. Coyotes can make use of nearly any kind of habitat, including parks, woodlots and other marginal areas.

  • Coyotes have been spotted throughout Brampton and its surrounding areas such as Caledon, Mississauga and Oakville. They usually move around during the night but can sometimes be seen during the day as well.

  • Coyotes generally hunt small mammals such as rabbits, mice and other rodents, but have also been known to feed on larger prey such as deer or elk when given the opportunity. They also eat berries, fruits and even insects when their preferred food is not available.

  • Coyotes are not shy around humans and can often be seen near roads or suburban gardens in search of food scraps or pet food left outside by people living nearby. In spite of this close proximity, coyote incidents involving humans remain rare due to their naturally cautious behaviour towards people.

  • With their lithe build and sharp senses, coyotes provide a natural form of pest control for Brampton residents by preying on mice and other small nuisance animals that may otherwise cause damage to property or spread disease-causing parasites around homes and yards.

  • Unlike most wild animals living in cities who attempt to avoid human contact at all costs, coyotes seem comfortable enough to stay close enough for people living nearby to observe them up close through binoculars or cameras with long lenses if done so with respect for their environment from a safe distance away (at least 50 metres).

  • Coyotes typically mate for life although some pairs may split up after raising a litter of pups together while others will stick together year after year without producing young each season – a phenomenon known as “social monogamy” amongst biologists studying animal behaviours in nature.. The average size of a coyote litter consists of four to six pups born between March and April each year depending on the availability of food resources before then for successful pup rearing afterwardsFoxes



 


 


GROUNDHOGS


Yes, there are groundhogs in Brampton, Ontario. They are a species of large ground squirrel endemic to North America and found throughout parts of the province. Groundhogs spend much of their time burrowing and live in a variety of habitats, often near human settlements including cities like Brampton. These animals are easily recognizable due to their stocky body and distinctive yellowish-brown fur with black markings. In addition to living in urban areas, they can also be seen in parks, golf courses, gardens, and agricultural fields across the region. During the spring and summer months groundhogs can be observed sunning themselves on top of their burrows or grazing on grasses and vegetables in open areas. Although not commonly kept as pets, these animals have become somewhat synonymous with the city of Brampton – with many residents being familiar with seeing them around town! Groundhogs play an important role in local ecosystems by helping disperse seeds from plants they eat across new areas for germination and growth. With their burrows providing vital shelter for other small animals such as rabbits or chipmunks, it’s clear that these unique creatures are an integral part of our urban wildlife communities here in Brampton!


 

What Are Some Common Pests That Live In Brampton?


RATS


Norway Rats

Norway Rat, Are Norway Rats in Brampton
Norway Rat, Are Norway Rats in Brampton?

Norway rats, also known as brown rats or sewer rats, have stout bodies and can grow up to 16 inches long. They have blunt noses and small ears that are covered by fur. These burrowing rodents have grayish-brown fur with lighter bellies and black eyes. Norway rats are usually found near water sources like sewers, ditches or streams, where they feed on plant material such as grains or fruits.



Roof Rats

Roof Rat, Are Roof Rats in the city of Brampton
Roof Rat, Are Roof Rats in the city of Brampton

Roof rats, also known as black rats or ship rats, have pointed faces with relatively large ears that aren’t covered by fur. Their bodies are slender and agile and can reach lengths of up to 18 inches in size. Unlike their Norway rat counterparts, roof rats prefer living in higher spaces like attics or trees rather than in burrows underground. Roof rats often feed on nuts, fruits, grains and insects but may also scavenge for food waste left behind by humans.


Both species of rat can be carriers of dangerous diseases such as leptospirosis and salmonellosis so it's important to take precautions against them when living in an urban area like Brampton. If a rat infestation is suspected it’s best to call a professional exterminator who knows the best methods for removing them safely from the property without causing harm to either human inhabitants or the environment at large.Wolves


 

More Local Wildlife


SKUNKS

Striped Skunk, Skunks live in the City of Brampton
Striped Skunks, Eastern Spotted Skunk, Are there Skunks in Brampton

Yes, there are more than one variety of skunk that can be found in Brampton, Ontario. The two most common species are the striped skunk and the spotted skunk, both of which can be found living in and around the city. The striped skunk is larger than its spotted counterpart, measuring up to 90 centimetres in length with a 15 centimetre -long tail. Its fur is typically black with white stripes along its back and tail, though some individuals may have alternating white and black fur patches instead. The spotted skunk is much smaller than the striped variety, rarely reaching lengths greater than 40 centimetres with a 10 centimetre-long tail; it tends to have black fur with white spots all over its body.


Though primarily nocturnal animals, both of these species can occasionally be seen during the day foraging for food on lawns or in gardens; they prefer to eat invertebrates such as insects, snails and worms but will also consume small rodents and birds if given the opportunity. They also eat fruit, vegetables, eggs and other sources of nutrition when they are available. Both species are known to deposit their droppings near places where they live or frequent which often contains a strong odour; this is a protective mechanism used by them to warn away potential predators or would-be aggressors.


 

SQUIRRELS



 

OPOSSUMS



 

BATS


In Brampton, Ontario there are a number of different species of bats that call the city home. The most common bats found in Brampton are the Little Brown Bat (Myotis lucifugus), Big Brown Bat (Eptesicus fuscus), Red Bat (Lasiurus borealis), Hoary Bat (Lasiurus cinereus) and Silver-haired Bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans). While these bats inhabit urban areas, they generally prefer to roost in old buildings and trees, which provide them with protection from predators while they sleep during the day.


The Little Brown Bat is one of the most abundant bat species in North America and is also one of the smallest. They typically have a wingspan of 8-10 inches and their fur ranges from reddish to dark brown. This species often hunts insects over lakes, streams and forests at night. The Big Brown Bat can be distinguished by its larger size (wingspan of 11-13 inches) and darker brown fur. They tend to hunt for flying insects near buildings, parks or open areas.


Eastern Red Bat

Bat in Brampton, Eastern Red Bat, Lasiurus borealis
Types of Wildlife in Brampton, Ontario, Bat in Brampton, Eastern Red Bat, Lasiurus Borealis

The Red Bat has rusty red fur with white tips on its ears and wings. It prefers to roost in trees or foliage during the day, near sources of water such as ponds or lakes at night so it can hunt for moths, beetles and other insects they feed on.


The Hoary Bat's coloration is largely grey but can also have white tips on its fur as well as yellow patches around its face and shoulders. They tend to eat a variety of different flying insects including moths, beetles, true bugs and grasshoppers, some even consume nectar from flowers!


The Silver-haired Bat is medium-sized with grey-brown fur on its backside but has blackish fur underneath its wings. Its diet consists mainly of moths but it can also consume gnats, mosquitos and other small flying insects. All five species are capable of echolocation which helps them navigate their way around during flight at night to find food sources like mosquitoes or other small invertebrates that inhabit wetlands areas near Brampton such as Etobicoke Creek or Claireville Conservation Area .Squirrels



 

OWLS


Barred Owl

 Barred Owl, Strix varia, What Wildlife Live in Brampton
Barred Owl (Strix varia), Are there Owls in Brampton - Do You Recognize Local Brampton Wildlife?

In Brampton, Ontario, there are several species of owls that can be seen. The most common type of owl found in the area is the Barred Owl (Strix varia), a medium-sized bird with a distinctive round head and wide brown eyes. Its body is usually marked by dark and white vertical stripes running along its back and wings. During the day, Barred Owls are often found perched on tree branches where they can easily spot their prey. At night, their calls can be heard loud and clear - a low “who-cooks-for-you” hoot. These owls are generally found near wooded areas such as parks, forests and even golf courses in Brampton.


Another species of owl seen in Brampton is the Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus). It is one of the largest species of owl in North America and stands out among other birds due to its unique shape and markings - a large brownish-grey body with two distinct ear tufts on its head. Great Horned Owls have an impressive wingspan that reaches up to 4 feet across! They are known for their deep “hoo-hoo” vocalizations which echo through the night sky during mating season from late January to early March. This species of owl typically nests high up in tall trees near open fields or near bodies of water like rivers and streams where it can easily find prey such as mice, voles and squirrels to feed on.


The third type of owl commonly spotted in Brampton is the Eastern Screech Owl (Megascops asio). This small bird measures only 6–9 inches long but makes up for its size with its piercing yellow eyes and unusual colouring which varies from rusty red to grey depending on the particular subspecies living nearby. Eastern Screech Owls tend to stay hidden during the day, often roosting in hollow trees or other cavities close to the ground where they can avoid detection by predators. At night they come out seeking food, making a series of soft ascending whistles that sound like laughter or “tinkling bells” according to some locals! These owls feed mostly on insects though larger prey such as mice and small birds may also be taken if available.Snakes



 


HAWKS

Brampton, Ontario is home to a wide variety of hawks that are often seen gliding gracefully through the skies. The most common species of hawk found in Brampton are the Red-tailed Hawk, Red-shouldered Hawk, and Broad-winged Hawk.


The Red-tailed Hawk is perhaps the most widely distributed and recognizable of these species, with its characteristic rusty-coloured tail feathers. This hawk is frequently spotted soaring or hovering over open fields and meadows in search of small mammals and birds.


The Red-shouldered Hawk is also commonly found in Brampton, typically inhabiting wetland forests near rivers and creeks where it forages for frogs, snakes, and other prey. Its distinctive white breast band sets it apart from other local hawks.


Last but not least is the Broad-winged Hawk which can be identified by its small size as well as its broad wingspan. This species prefers higher elevations like those found along the Niagara Escarpment where they feed primarily on insects such as grasshoppers and katydids. Brampton’s hawks play an important role in balancing local ecosystems by keeping populations of rodents, rabbits and other small animals in check. Additionally, these raptors are both beautiful to watch as they soar through the skies - providing citizens with moments of awe and wonder!



 

CANADIAN GEESE

A family of geese in Brampton, Two adult geese and several babies by a lake
Geese are frequent flyers in Brampton skys and can often seen in V formation along the skyline

Ontario is an ideal location for Canadian Geese, which have become a beloved part of the community. The city has a number of large parks, wetlands, meadows and open areas with plenty of grass and water, making it a perfect habitat for these majestic birds. People in Brampton enjoy seeing the bird's V-formations as they fly overhead or feeding on the local ponds and lakes. For years, Canadian Geese have been flocking to Brampton in search of food and shelter as well as to raise their young.


The mild climate in Brampton makes it particularly appealing to geese due to its mild winters, wet springs and hot summers. During the summer months when temperatures reach above 30°C (86°F), the geese are able to find food more easily than during cold winter days when snow can make it difficult for them to find sustenance. Additionally, many shallow ponds throughout Brampton offer plenty of aquatic vegetation and insects that are essential for the geese's diet.



As an urban area with plenty of green spaces, Brampton is an attractive place for nesting Canadian Geese who have come to trust people in the community. As their breeding season approaches each spring and summer, pairs of geese can be seen patrolling their chosen territories near ponds or parks throughout the city limits. A favourite spot is Chinguacousy Park which offers lots of protected open grassland as well as several small ponds where they can feed - making it a popular destination for both human and animal visitors alike!


For Canadian Geese living in Brampton, there are numerous opportunities available from finding food sources such as aquatic vegetation or insects on nearby ponds; building nests among tall trees or bushes; raising their young; flying around in formation; or simply enjoying the company from other members of their species nearby. With its convenient location near Toronto Pearson International Airport, it also provides easy access for migratory birds that may want to stop by before continuing on further south during fall migration season. All these reasons together make Brampton a wonderful place for Canadian Geese that continue returning year after year!Hawks - 9 Types of Hawks in Ontario



 

The Wildlife in Brampton are Plentiful

Whether you're an avid wildlife enthusiast or just curious about what's living nearby, there's no denying that Brampton is full of amazing creatures! From birds and mammals to reptiles and amphibians, there are plenty of fascinating animals waiting for you to discover them right outside your door. So the next time you're out for a walk around town, keep an eye out for some furry (or scaly!) friends – they could be closer than you think!